Cloud Technology Terms & Definitions

The maximum rate at which a data set can be transferred in any given amount of time.

Short for “colocation.” Colocation allows businesses to host their in-house infrastructure off site. It also enables them to free up space and resources within their company while taking advantage of the redundancies offered by a dedicated data center.

Storing and managing data according to the laws and regulations applicable to a specific industry. For instance, a medical practice must be compliant with HIPAA regulations (i.e. HIPAA compliance).

Data Center
Refers to the location where the physical hardware used for a cloud solution is stored, managed, and maintained. Weidenhammer data centers feature 24/7 monitoring, physical security, and continuous power for 100% network uptime to ensure your data is always secure and accessible. All Weidenhammer data centers are based in the United States.

Abbreviation for “Domain Name System.” It’s best known for translating domain names (e.g. to the numerical IP addresses (e.g. associated with that domain name. DNS is a core component of the modern Internet.

A custom public cloud solution designed from the ground up for business-critical applications requiring secure and dedicated resources. Weidenhammer’s signature offering.

“Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act.” It was put in place to protect the medical records and personal health info of individuals in the U.S. Entities who are required to follow HIPAA regulations include health plans (such as health insurance providers), most healthcare providers, and healthcare clearinghouses. For more information about HIPAA, visit

Host / Hosting Provider
A host or hosting provider stores a web or cloud-based application so it can be served to visitors. The website or application is kept on a server in a data center.

Short for “input/output.” When discussing I/O performance, we’re talking about how adept a computer system or server is at sending and receiving information from users.

Cloud infrastructure pertains to the software and hardware that comprise a cloud solution.

IP Address
IP is short for “Internet Protocol.” IP addresses allow information to be directed correctly on the Internet.

Network Downtime
A period where a network is not active or accessible. Unplanned network downtime can cost companies a significant amount of money (average of $7,900 a minute). As time passes, the repercussions of an outage become more and more substantial.

Network Uptime
The period of time where a network is active and accessible. Weidenhammer cloud solutions are provided with 100% network uptime.

PCI DSS Compliant
PCI DSS is an abbreviation for “Payment Card Industry Data Security Standard.” Its purpose is to ensure standards are met or exceeded in regard to the way credit card information is accepted, processed, transmitted, and stored. Weidenhammer cloud solutions are PCI DSS compliant. Learn more about PCI DSS compliance.

A system designed to include duplicate components as a means of preventing against failures. Examples of redundancies include generators and uninterruptible power supplies (USP) in case of a power outage, or storing copies of data on multiple servers within the same data center. When it comes to cloud hosting, redundancy is typically a good thing.

Abbreviation for “Software-as-a-Service.” Instead of buying and installing a piece of software, SaaS works on a subscription model, providing added benefits atypical to standard software, such as online backup and recovery or email defense.

“Structured Query Language.” SQL is a standardized programming language used to access various types of databases. SQL is commonly used with a number of database systems, including MySQL, Oracle, Microsoft Access, and SQL Server.

Tier III Standard
A certification representing data center uptime. There are four tiers, Tier I being the lowest and Tier IV being the highest. Tier III Standard meets or exceeds all Tier I and Tier II requirements. In addition, Tier III requires all equipment to be dual-powered and fully compatible with a site’s architecture, providing a minimum availability (or uptime) of 99.982%. For more information about the Tier Classification System, visit

Short for “Voice over IP.” VoIP refers to technology that allows users to use phone services over the Internet.

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